Monday, August 13, 2018

Stress and mental health

The human body is made up of different systems such as digestive system, excretory system and so on..  Each system play role in maintaining body homeostasis. Homeostasis was coined by neurologist Walter Cannon. Any factor that is capable of disrupting the body homeostasis is known as stressor.
Stress is the body method of reacting to a stressor. Stress varies from human to human in the sense that what cause stress in one human might not cause stress in another. It can be physical or psychological which can be beneficial (eustress) or detrimental (distress) to human body. Distress that is chronic in nature have the tendency to disrupt the body homeostasis which can result into significant damage to the body.

Stress induced mental illness is not far-fetch in our society as most of human activities are somehow stressful, the ability to manage stressor helps to be mentally healthy whereas any individual that have difficulty in managing stress has the tendency to be mentally unhealthy.
You must have heard people saying I am stressed, or I am undergoing stress and so on....
Stress that is detrimental has the tendency to cause mental illness such as depression, anxiety, Post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and so on.

Uncontrollable, unpredictable, and constant stress has far-reaching consequences on our physical and mental health. Stress can begin in the womb and recur throughout life. One of the potential pathological (abnormal) consequences of stress is a learned helplessness that leads to the hopelessness and helplessness of clinical depression, but in addition, many illnesses, such as chronic anxiety states, high blood pressure, heart disease, and addictive disorders, to name a few, also seem to be influenced by chronic or overwhelming stress.
Above all, the ability to manage stress at manageable level is one of the indicators of good mental health..
I will be sharing with us stress different coping measures later.

Written by Aladeyelu Tunji (RPN, RN)

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Mental health myths

Mental illness is a range of mental disorders that affect the mood, thought, and behaviour. Examples are depression, schizophrenia, and so on. Mental illness is affecting more people nowadays. Here, we will be sharing with you 10 myths about mental illness.

1. There is no hope for people with mental health problems. Once a friend or family member develops mental health problems, he or she will never recover.

2. Therapy and self-help are  waste of time. Why bother when you can just take a pill?

3. I can't do anything for a person with a mental health problem.

4. Prevention doesn't work. It is impossible to prevent mental illnesses.

5. People with mental health needs, even those who are managing their mental illness, cannot tolerate the stress of holding down a job.

6. People with mental health problems are violent and unpredictable.

7. Children don't experience mental health problems.

8. Mental illness is caused by witches and wizard so it cannot be treated with orthodox medicine.

9. People who take care of mentally ill people do behave like that at a point.

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Monday, August 6, 2018

Overview of Mental illness part 1

Mental illness is also known as mental disorder or psychiatric illness it is just like any other disorder such as diabetes, hypertension and so on. The word mental is related to the mind. In other word, it has to do with the brain.

Mental illness is a treatable just like any other illness. However people suffering from mental illness do feel ashamed to talk about it because of the stigmatization and other sociocultural reasons.
It occurs when there is a gross changes in the behaviour, thinking and emotion of an individual.
The disturbances caused by this Illness varies from mild to severe depending on the type, family support and coping measures.
Most people believe that mental illness is rare and affect some specific set of people. In fact an estimated 54 million of Americans suffer from mental illness each year, 1 out of 4 adult has mild mental illness in the United State.
Mental illness does not discriminate, it can affect anyone regardless of age, religion, race, background,socioeconomic status, income, gender, spirituality, sexual orientation, or other cultural identity.

Mental illness does not discriminate; it can affect anyone regardless of your age, gender, income, social status, race/ethnicity, religion/spirituality, sexual orientation, background or other aspect of cultural identity. While mental illness can occur at any age, three-fourths of all mental illness begins by age 24.
The Aetiology of mental illness will be discuss later.

However, victim of mental illness do not pray for it. Do your part by reducing the stigmatization, show then love, embrace them , accept them as friend and encourage them so that they can fulfil potentials.


* Serious mental illness is a mental, behavioral or emotional disorder. Examples of serious mental illness include schizophrenia.
* Remember, it can affect anyone.

Written by: Aladeyelu (RPN,RN)

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Tuesday, July 31, 2018

Medical terms simplified III


Now, let's finish what we started sometime ago.

Medical terms are usually exclusive in a sense to medical personnel. Sharing their meanings in a more relatable way is only in the bid to help you become more aware of your health.

Medicine cannot be compared to other professions because of the involvement of life as well as the wellness of the human being thus there is an increasing need for every individual to be knowledgeable about his/her health to a large extent. You can't afford to be lackadaisical about your health.

This is simply the pressure exerted by the blood on the vessel that contains it.  The vessel in this case refers to the Arteries and Veins.

Arteries and Veins can be likened to long pipes that run round the body and help carry blood and other materials.

The blood pressure is measured with a Sphygmomanometer (pronounced sfig-mo-ma-no-mi-ter).
This could be digital or manual.

Normal BP ranges from 110/70 - 140/80.

Generally it has been agreed that the normal blood pressure of an average adult is 120/80.

Its unit is millimeter mercury (mmHg).

Although lower values than this could be normal in certain people.

BP values are usually written in fractions which is the systolic/the diastolic pressure.

The systolic pressure is the pressure in the arteries when the heart beats and fills them with blood.

The diastolic pressure is the pressure in the arteries when the heart rests between beats.

Bottom line is that when you see BP values don't think they are improper fractions to be converted into mixed fractions. I bet you now know better.


This is a state of health in which the blood pressure is constantly raised above the range that has been considered normal.

The pressure of the blood is too high in the vessels.

When the upper part of the fraction (the systolic) exceeds 140 and the lower part of the fraction (the diastolic) exceeds 80 constantly, it is termed HYPERTENSION.

Note: Soon we'll be learning about HYPERTENSION, it's causes and predisposing, it's prevention and treatment...

 Anticipate it.

A lot of people know a lot about Hypertension but know a little or  nothing about Hypotension whereas both of them are like the two ends of a see-saw.

Hypotension is a state of health in which the blood pressure is low compared to the range that has been considered normal.
The pressure of the blood flowing in the blood vessels is too low.

This is a serious health condition as it could be associated with serious tiredness, sweating, the individual can even become unconscious because little blood is getting to the vital organs of the body.

More of this will be discussed in later posts...

When the upper part of the fraction (the systolic) is below 90 and the lower part of the fraction (the diastolic) exceeds 60 constantly, it is termed HYPOTENSION.

With this, we have come to the end of this series of MEDICAL TERMS SIMPLIFIED as regards Vital Signs.

I hope I have added value to you.

Do well to contact me for clarification, questions and any  feedback generally on 08166430332.

You can check for previous posts.

Remember, you're in charge of your health.

Determine to stay healthy.

I'm Olawunmi (RN).

Saturday, July 28, 2018

A Registered Nurse assaulted in Government Hospital... See details

On 27th July 2018, at University of Maiduguri Teaching hospital (UMTH), a Doctor (house officer) slapped a registered nurse over an issue. The information reaching us is that the doctor has been suspended by the hospital board few hours after the incident.

 See pictures attached. More details will be published as soon as we get it.

This is not the first time this is happening in Nigeria but it happens to be the third in just less than 3month.
 The first was the Nurse bathed with irrigated water, the second was the one that happened at Awoyaya Hospital while this is the third happened in Government own hospital.

What should the NANNM and Nigerian government do about this?
Drop your comment.