Friday, August 17, 2018

2-year- old cigarette addict. Read story.. Parent will learn from this.

Indonesia may have its next infamous child smoker after the disturbing story of a 2-year-old boy from Sukabumi, West Java, recently went viral due to his extremely dangerous addiction.
The boy, identified by his initials RAP, has reportedly been addicted to smoking cigarettes for about a month and a half, burning through up to two packs a day. According to his mother, identified as Maryati, he picked up his horrible habit after he started becoming intrigued by cigarettes and picking their discarded butts off the floor.
“It started with picking up cigarette butts and now he’s smoking,” Maryati told local news website SukabumiUpdate yesterday.
Maryati added that she and her husband, Misbahudin, found it difficult to say no to RAP’s nicotine cravings as the boy would throw a tantrum until he’s given a cigarette. She said that he also needs to have a puff before he can go to sleep.

Misbahudin, who himself is an occasional smoker, said he was surprised that his son could puff like a seasoned smoker, and that the boy would even bum cigarettes from other adults if his parents wouldn’t feed his habit.
“I don’t even smoke that often. I only smoke at work. When he (RAP) smokes it has to be with a cup of mochaccino,” he told SukabumiUpdate.
RAP’s parents say they are going to seek an unspecified rehabilitation treatment for their son, and the boy is apparently open to the idea.
There has been no reports of possible government intervention in RAP’s rehabilitation nor his parents possible prosecution for criminal negligence or child endangerment.
Indonesia is unfortunately known for having some of the highest smoking rates in the world, with government statistics showing that nearly one-third of the population are active tobacco users, which includes an alarmingly high number of child smokers.

Aldi Rizal, the infamous smoking baby of Indonesia who was known to smoke as many as 40 cigarettes a day at the age of 2, became the poster child for the problem of child smokers in Indonesia back in 2010 (he has since supposedly kicked the habit). Amid the international outcry and embarrassment over his case, the government promised to pass more measures to stop children from getting addicted to tobacco.
But it is clear that lawmakers still aren’t doing nearly enough to prevent young people from picking up the deadly habit, as their own statistics show that the number of smokers under 18 in Indonesia rose in recent years, from 7.2% in 2014 to 8.8% in 2015.

While the government does indeed have numerous anti-tobacco programs, it is at cross-purposes with other parts of the government that are actively supporting the tobacco industry by, for example, keeping tariffs on tobacco low so that they remain affordable to the vast majority of poor Indonesians.
The government has also continuously refused to ratify the World Health Organization Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (WHO FCTC), and it’s the only country in Asia yet to sign and ratify the convention, which would, among other things, minimize the exposure of tobacco advertising that’s so prevalent in the country.
The WHO estimates about 200,000 Indonesians dies due to tobacco-related diseases each year. Think about that the next time a government official goes on about the country needing to execute drug dealers to stop a supposed drug emergency. Nicotine is the true drug scourge of Indonesia, and the government is sitting back and counting its tobacco tax revenues while it lets another generation get hooked.

Thursday, August 16, 2018

Frequently asked questions about mental illness

What does it means to have mental illness?
Mental illness is a range of mental disorders that affect the mood, thought and behaviour.
It falls along the continuum of severity which ranges from mild such as anxiety to severe ones such as schizophrenia, depression, bipolar and so on. The severe ones usually require admission while the mild does not necessary need admission.

Who does mental illness affect?
Mental illness is a mental disorder that affect all individual irrespective of your status, race, age,gender, social status and economic status.

How do I know if someone is having mental illness?
As we all know that it affect the behavior, thought and mood, this make it abit easier for us to know if someone is having mental illness as it will show in his/her behavior.
His behavior will differ fro what is expected of him, he will exhibit some behavior such as monotonous repetition of words, pacing up and down, irrational talk, and so on also in his mood such as feeling if unworthiness, depression, euphoric feeling, and so on and his thought such as thought insertion, block thought, stream of thought and so on.
Mental illness in general cut across all aspect of life such as social, physical, mental, emotion and spiritual, once you notice a diminish in the functioning in these areas of life then it calls for help. Examples are neglect of personal hygiene, diminish in activities of daily living, flat affect, blunt emotion,

What are the warning signs of mental illness?
 These are the signs you see or notice before the full blown of mental illness, these warning signs are usually difficult to notice because a times it mimic the personality of the individual or people see it as part of life but once it starts to disturb the activities of daily living, disturbing sociocultural functions and the person is observing some behaviours that is is not expected from people of his age that is where the signs are conspicuous.
The warning signs include but not limited to:
Lack of sleep
Feeling hot especially in the head
Feeling of unworthiness
Idea of reference
Social withdrawal
Excessive fear (phobia)
Many unexplained physical problems
High or low mood
Abuse of drug
Inability to cope with activities of daily living and so on.

 What are the causes of mental illness?
The exact cause of mental illness is not clear but there are some factors that has been implicated such as genetic factor, environmental factor, psychosocial and biological factor. These make it difficult to prevent mental illness but risk can be reduced by paying attention to warning signs.

After taking my medications and I feel good, does it mean I am "cured" and can I stop taking the medications?
Mental illness is treatable with medication and other measures. However, most people with mental illness need to take medication for long like for months sometimes even years.
Once you feel good after taking the medications, what you need to do is to continue taking it because if you stop it, the symptoms will come back (relapse). Also, another thing that can happen is to develop withdrawal symptoms.
Most people stop taking medication because of the side effects not knowing that it can be effectively managed. If there is any issue with your medications talk with your doctor or therapist about it.

Can people with mental illness recover?
Recovery of People with mental Illness is possible depend on early identification and early treatment. Most mentally ill people have issue with early identification which hinder them from getting help early. By the time they are brought for treatment it would have become chronic which make recovery difficult but possible.
In General, mental illness is just like any other medical illness like hypertension or diabetes and so on, once you talk you medication with other measures the individual can live a normal life and he will effective and efficient.. #say no to stigmatisation

Written by Aladeyelu Tunji  (RPN, RN)

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Monday, August 13, 2018

Stress and mental health

The human body is made up of different systems such as digestive system, excretory system and so on..  Each system play role in maintaining body homeostasis. Homeostasis was coined by neurologist Walter Cannon. Any factor that is capable of disrupting the body homeostasis is known as stressor.
Stress is the body method of reacting to a stressor. Stress varies from human to human in the sense that what cause stress in one human might not cause stress in another. It can be physical or psychological which can be beneficial (eustress) or detrimental (distress) to human body. Distress that is chronic in nature have the tendency to disrupt the body homeostasis which can result into significant damage to the body.

Stress induced mental illness is not far-fetch in our society as most of human activities are somehow stressful, the ability to manage stressor helps to be mentally healthy whereas any individual that have difficulty in managing stress has the tendency to be mentally unhealthy.
You must have heard people saying I am stressed, or I am undergoing stress and so on....
Stress that is detrimental has the tendency to cause mental illness such as depression, anxiety, Post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and so on.

Uncontrollable, unpredictable, and constant stress has far-reaching consequences on our physical and mental health. Stress can begin in the womb and recur throughout life. One of the potential pathological (abnormal) consequences of stress is a learned helplessness that leads to the hopelessness and helplessness of clinical depression, but in addition, many illnesses, such as chronic anxiety states, high blood pressure, heart disease, and addictive disorders, to name a few, also seem to be influenced by chronic or overwhelming stress.
Above all, the ability to manage stress at manageable level is one of the indicators of good mental health..
I will be sharing with us stress different coping measures later.

Written by Aladeyelu Tunji (RPN, RN)

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Mental health myths

Mental illness is a range of mental disorders that affect the mood, thought, and behaviour. Examples are depression, schizophrenia, and so on. Mental illness is affecting more people nowadays. Here, we will be sharing with you 10 myths about mental illness.

1. There is no hope for people with mental health problems. Once a friend or family member develops mental health problems, he or she will never recover.

2. Therapy and self-help are  waste of time. Why bother when you can just take a pill?

3. I can't do anything for a person with a mental health problem.

4. Prevention doesn't work. It is impossible to prevent mental illnesses.

5. People with mental health needs, even those who are managing their mental illness, cannot tolerate the stress of holding down a job.

6. People with mental health problems are violent and unpredictable.

7. Children don't experience mental health problems.

8. Mental illness is caused by witches and wizard so it cannot be treated with orthodox medicine.

9. People who take care of mentally ill people do behave like that at a point.

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Monday, August 6, 2018

Overview of Mental illness part 1

Mental illness is also known as mental disorder or psychiatric illness it is just like any other disorder such as diabetes, hypertension and so on. The word mental is related to the mind. In other word, it has to do with the brain.

Mental illness is a treatable just like any other illness. However people suffering from mental illness do feel ashamed to talk about it because of the stigmatization and other sociocultural reasons.
It occurs when there is a gross changes in the behaviour, thinking and emotion of an individual.
The disturbances caused by this Illness varies from mild to severe depending on the type, family support and coping measures.
Most people believe that mental illness is rare and affect some specific set of people. In fact an estimated 54 million of Americans suffer from mental illness each year, 1 out of 4 adult has mild mental illness in the United State.
Mental illness does not discriminate, it can affect anyone regardless of age, religion, race, background,socioeconomic status, income, gender, spirituality, sexual orientation, or other cultural identity.

Mental illness does not discriminate; it can affect anyone regardless of your age, gender, income, social status, race/ethnicity, religion/spirituality, sexual orientation, background or other aspect of cultural identity. While mental illness can occur at any age, three-fourths of all mental illness begins by age 24.
The Aetiology of mental illness will be discuss later.

However, victim of mental illness do not pray for it. Do your part by reducing the stigmatization, show then love, embrace them , accept them as friend and encourage them so that they can fulfil potentials.


* Serious mental illness is a mental, behavioral or emotional disorder. Examples of serious mental illness include schizophrenia.
* Remember, it can affect anyone.

Written by: Aladeyelu (RPN,RN)

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