Depression is one of the most oldest frequently diagnosed mental disorders. It is a mood disorder that is expressed by psychomotor retardation, mutism, low energy, lack of pleasure and so on.
Response such a sadness, feeling of disappointment, downheartedness and so on that are Short-lived are considered normal. However, if such response persist and sustain over time can lead to depression.
Depression ranges from transient , mild. Moderate to severe depression (major depressive disorder). According to report depression is the major leading cause of suicide. Therefore it is important to keep you abreast of 4 typical ways to recognise depression. These are:
Feelings of total despair, hopelessness, and worthlessness; flat (unchanging) affect, appearing devoid of emotional tone; prevalent feelings of nothingness and emptiness; apathy; loneliness; sadness; inability to feel pleasure
Psychomotor retardation so severe that physical movement may literally come to a stand-still or psychomotor behavior manifested by rapid, agitated, purposeless movements; slumped posture; sitting in a curled-up position; walking slowly and rigidly; virtually nonexistent communication (when verbalizations do occur, they may refl ect delusional thinking); no personal hygiene and grooming; social isolation is common, with virtually no inclination toward interaction with others
Prevalent delusional thinking, with delusions of persecution and somatic delusions being most common; confusion, indecisiveness, and an inability to concentrate; hallucinations reflecting misinterpretations of the environment; excessive self-deprecation, self-blame, and thoughts of suicide.
General slowdown of the entire body, reflected in sluggish digestion, constipation, and urinary retention; amenorrhea; impotence; diminished libido; anorexia; weight loss or gain; difficulty falling asleep and awakening very early in the morning; feeling worse early in the morning and somewhat better as the day progresses. As with moderate depression, this may reflect the diurnal variation in the level of neurotransmitters that affect mood and activity.
Compiled by Aladeyelu Tunji (RPN,RN)
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