Suicide is an act of killing oneself or is an act of putting an end to ones life. Sadock and Sadock report, “Almost 95 percent of all people who commit or attempt suicide have a diagnosed mental disorder. Approximately 40,000 persons in the United States end their lives each year by suicide. These statistics have established suicide as one of the leading causes of death in the United State. These are the 9 facts you need to know about suicide:
1. Eight out of 10 people who kill themselves have given defniite clues and warnings about their suicidal intentions. Very subtle clues may be ignored or disregarded by others.
2. Most suicidal people are very ambivalent about their feelings regarding living or dying. Most are “gambling with death” and see it as a cry for someone to save them.
3. People who want to kill themselves are only suicidal for a limited time. If they are saved from feelings of self-destruction, they can go on to lead normal lives.
4. Most suicides occur within about 3 months after the beginning of “improvement,” when the individual has the energy to carry out suicidal intentions.
5. Suicide is not inherited. It is an individual matter and can be prevented. However, suicide by a close family member increases an individual’s risk factor for suicide.
6. Although suicidal persons are extremely unhappy, they are not necessarily psychotic or otherwise mentally ill. They are merely unable at that point in time to see an alternative solution to what they consider an unbearable problem.
7. All suicidal behavior must be approached with the gravity of the potential act in mind. Attention should be given to the possibility that the individual is issuing a cry for help.
8. Gunshot wounds are the leading cause of death among suicide victims.
9. Between 50% and 80% of all people who ultimately kill themselves have a history of a previous attempt.
These are the 9 Fables about suicide
1.People who talk about suicide do not commit suicide. Suicide happens without warning.
2. You cannot stop a suicidal person. He or she is fully intent on dying.
3. Once a person is suicidal, he or she is suicidal forever.
4. Improvement after severe depression means that the suicidal risk is over.
5. Suicide is inherited, or “runs in families.”
6. All suicidal individuals are mentally ill, and suicide is the act of a psychotic person.
7. Suicidal threats and gestures should be considered manipulative or attention-seeking behavior and should not be taken seriously.
8. People usually commit suicide by taking an overdose of drugs.
9. If an individual has attempted suicide, he or she will not do it again.
Compiled by Aladeyelu Tunji (RPN,RN)
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